Covid-19 resulted in jobs shifting away from excessive labour productive sectors to agri, development: CMIE


The Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in jobs shifting away from high labour productive sectors resembling manufacturing and providers to low productivity sectors resembling agriculture and development with manufacturing witnessing solely a modest restoration within the fiscal yr to date, the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economic system stated.

Information from the Shopper Pyramids Family Survey of CMIE exhibits employment in agriculture shot up and touched its peak in July and August at 160 million leading to whole employment within the sector within the quarter ended on September 30 at 158 million, which is 5.5% greater than the corresponding quarter a yr in the past.

Although the employment declined in agriculture within the December quarter to 154 million, it’s nonetheless 3.5% greater than the corresponding quarter in 2019. This has resulted in a rise in share of agriculture in employment era to 40% in 2020 as towards 36% in 2019.

“The rise in employment in agriculture in the course of the lockdown signifies each, shift in labour from shrinking employment alternatives in non-farm sectors and in addition, beneficial agricultural circumstances in the course of the yr,” CMIE stated in its weekly evaluation.

Even the true property and development business has seen a near-complete restoration when it comes to employment with business gaining all 33 million jobs misplaced in the course of the pandemic by the quarter ended December 2020. The business employed an estimated 61 million individuals in 2019-20 which had fallen to 28 million within the June 2020 quarter in the course of the lockdown.

As per the info, employment in manufacturing is 11.four million much less within the fiscal to date, regardless of a quarter-on-quarter restoration, in comparison with 40 million employed in manufacturing in 2019-20.

“Extra importantly, each main manufacturing business, besides prescribed drugs, employed much less folks in all three quarters of 2020-21 in comparison with the employment in 2019-20,” CMIE stated.

Based on CMIE, even providers sector employment is but to recuperate totally with training being essentially the most impacted sector that hasn’t recovered a lot . Complete employment within the providers sector stood at 148 million within the quarter ended December 2020 in comparison with 157 million employed within the quarter of March 2020.

“By the December 2020 quarter most providers sector job losses had recovered, besides training. Lack of jobs within the training sector continues to mount,” it stated. Within the quarter ended December 2020, 5.9 million jobs had been misplaced within the training sector in comparison with 14.5 million within the quarter of March 2020. Employment in training was right down to 9.1 million within the quarter ended December 2020.

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