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Union Cupboard meet to take up withdrawal of three farm legal guidelines for approval; WB CM Mamata Banerji prone to meet PM Modi; Within the SC: listening to on Delhi air pollution, Zakia Jafri’s plea on clear chit to Narendra Modi in 2002 Gujarat riots case; ISL 2021-22: Bengaluru FC Vs Odisha FC; NASA to launch asteroid defence mission meant to intentionally crash into an asteroid

1. A invoice to ban cryptocurrencies, all however official crypto that’s
A invoice

  • The union authorities has listed a invoice that might prohibit all personal cryptocurrencies however lays the bottom for an official digital forex within the upcoming winter session of the parliament, scheduled to start on Monday (Nov. 29).
  • The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Forex Invoice, 2021 seeks to “create a facilitative framework for creation of the official digital forex to be issued by the Reserve Financial institution of India,” a bulletin on Lok Sabha’s web site stated. It didn’t furnish additional particulars of the invoice.

The demand

  • The Reserve Financial institution of India has been persistently against digital currencies, terming it a menace to the sovereign banking and forex system in addition to a possible software for cash laundering.
  • Cryptocurrencies equivalent to bitcoin are decentralised, and don’t require an middleman to subject it, facilitate a transaction, or be promissory of the worth — a financial institution’s function.
  • That they’re designed to be nameless (or way more nameless than fiat) additionally means they can be utilized to conduct transactions hidden from the regulator’s view.

The pushback

  • However cryptocurrency startups, principally exchanges, have been pushing again in opposition to a blanket ban. In March 2020, as an illustration, they efficiently appealed in opposition to RBI’s ban on buying and selling in cryptocurrencies on the Supreme Court docket.
  • They as an alternative name for guardrails, arguing the expertise in itself is progressive.

The workaround

  • However by introducing an official digital coin, RBI might make use of the strengths of the expertise, whereas avoiding the pitfalls of anonymity or a “parallel forex”.
  • China, too, has taken this route, banning all personal cryptocurrencies whereas piloting a digital renminbi.
  • The centre’s invoice would additionally present “exceptions to advertise the underlying expertise” — blockchain. Although cash are its hottest utility, blockchain’s tamper proof verification system has utility in lots of fields.
2. Rights teams condemn arrest of Kashmiri activist
2. Rights groups condemn arrest of Kashmiri activist
International rights teams and UN particular rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders referred to as for the instant launch of Kashmiri human rights activist Khurram Parvez, who was arrested and charged below the anti-terror legislation UAPA by the Nationwide Investigation Company.

What occurred?

  • Parvez was arrested late Monday after NIA performed raids at his dwelling and workplace of the Jammu-Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS), an advocacy, in Srinagar. His cellphone and laptop computer have been reportedly seized.
  • He has been charged with elevating funds and being a member of or related to a terrorist organisation in addition to below sections of IPC pertaining to felony conspiracy and waging a warfare in opposition to the state.
  • JKCCS data instances of human rights violations by safety forces and militants in Kashmir. Parvez was awarded the Reebok Human Rights Award in 2006. JKCC was awarded the Rafto Prize for human rights in 2017. Parvez was beforehand arrested in 2016 below the J&Ok Public Security Act, however was freed after 76 days when a court docket dominated the arrest unlawful.

Requires launch:

  • Norway-based Rafto Basis stated the allegations in opposition to Parvez “lack any credibility in any way”. “We’ve labored intently with Khurram Parvez and JKCCS for 4 years… Their denouncement of political violence has been vehement and absolute,” it stated. “This aggressive invasion into and constriction of the area of human rights defenders and their organisations sadly matches a sample of behaviour by the Indian authorities,” it said.
  • Amnesty Worldwide referred to as it a “yet one more instance of how anti-terror legal guidelines are being misused to criminalise human rights work & stifle dissent in India.”
  • Human Rights Watch’s Meenakshi Ganguly said “the UAPA is being repeatedly misused to punish human rights activists or others that protest abuses.”
  • Mary Lawlor, the UN particular rapporteur, referred to as the arrest “disturbing”, including, “he’s not a terrorist, he’s a Human Rights Defender.”
3. SC refuses to postpone Tripura municipal polls
3. SC refuses to postpone Tripura municipal polls
  • The Supreme Court docket on Tuesday dismissed Trinamool Congress’ enchantment to postpone the contentious municipal elections in Tripura, scheduled for Thursday (Nov. 25), however requested the state to boost the safety preparations. The Court docket stated suspending elections must be a matter of “final and even excessive recourse”.
  • Trinamool Congress accuses the state BJP authorities of failing to curb violence in opposition to its candidates, in contempt of a earlier court docket order, issued on November 11, directing the state to make sure rights of political events are usually not impeded.
  • The civic elections have gained significance as Trinamool, excessive on confidence after the win within the West Bengal polls, is in search of a symbolic win in a state the place BJP had gotten almost 43% votes within the 2018 meeting elections.
  • The polls additionally comply with incidents of communal violence within the state wherein outlets, houses and locations of worship of Muslims have been allegedly vandalised by right-wing mobs in retaliation to violence throughout Durga Puja festivities in neighbouring Bangladesh.
  • The court docket is to listen to the matter once more on Wednesday.
  • Over within the capital metropolis of Agartala, Trinamool candidate Gouri Mazumdar has alleged that BJP employees attacked her residence and opened fireplace. She stated the bullet narrowly missed her, and that vacant cartridge shells have been handed over to the police.
4. India does a U-turn on launch of oil reserves
4. India does a U-turn on release of oil reserves
  • A primary: In what’s a primary within the historical past of the oil market, India, together with China, Japan and South Korea have agreed to a US proposal on a ‘privately coordinated’ launch of their strategic petroleum reserves (SPR) as “an expression of resentment in opposition to excessive oil costs” The choice has stored international crude oil costs subdued under the $80 per barrel mark even on Tuesday, down from over $82 per barrel final week. An earlier such launch in 2011 of SPR resulting from provide disruptions in Libya was coordinated by the Worldwide Vitality Company.
  • U-turn: The choice by New Delhi to accede to Washington’s ‘request’ is stunning since simply final week petroleum minister Hardeep Singh Puri had argued against release of SPR for cooling down crude oil costs, saying they weren’t “ever meant for a scenario like this” as they have been a backup plan for a “drive majeure scenario” like an earthquake, warfare or shutting off of provides. Nonetheless, India had earlier in August started selling its SPR with the intention to create area at its storage services to commercialise it by leasing it out to 3rd events.
  • How a lot? India has strategic petroleum reserves (SPR) of 38 million barrels — or about 5.33 million tonnes, equal to 9 days of pre-pandemic oil consumption — of which 5 million barrels of crude oil will probably be launched within the subsequent 7-10 days. General, 100-120 million barrels of SPR from all of the international locations will probably be launched of which the most important share — 50 million barrels — will probably be by the US, in accordance with an announcement by White Home on Tuesday.
  • Will it assist? Unlikely. That’s as a result of neither is the amount of SPR launched very giant — India’s personal each day consumption is round 5 million barrels a day — neither is the impression going to final past a couple of weeks at finest. Furthermore, with OPEC+ countries warning that they may cancel plans to spice up their very own manufacturing if international locations launch their SPR, any softening of crude oil costs could shortly be negated.
5. Which is India’s second-highest wartime gallantry medal?
  • Clue 1: There have been 219 winners until date.
  • Clue 2: Lieutenant Colonel Dewan Ranjit Rai, who performed a key function through the Indo-Pakistan Battle of 1947, was the first-ever recipient (posthumous).
  • Clue 3: IAF veteran Jag Mohan Nath holds the uncommon distinction of being the primary particular person to be awarded it twice.

Scroll under for reply

6. SC junks plea difficult change of plot use below Central Vista undertaking
6. SC junks plea challenging change of plot use under Central Vista project
  • The Supreme Court docket on Tuesday dismissed a petition difficult a proposed change in land use from “leisure” to “residential” to deal with the brand new official residences of excessive dignitaries such because the vice-president and Prime Minister as a part of the bold Central Vista Challenge.
  • This after it had permitted the Rs 20,000 crore undertaking — overlaying a Three km stretch from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate on the coronary heart of Delhi — in January this yr.
  • The newest petition: The problem by social activist Rajeev Suri was solely to the proposed change in land use of Plot 1, which is able to lead to lack of leisure space and open inexperienced space for the general public.
  • With about 6 acres of inexperienced space proposed to be taken over, the change of open inexperienced space to residential space is in opposition to public curiosity, Suri’s counsel argued. He added the prayer was to guard the inexperienced areas and alternate websites must be explored by the authorities.
  • However the court docket stated: “This can’t be the scope of judicial evaluate”, stated the three-Decide SC bench, including that it’s the prerogative of the authority involved and a matter of coverage. “All the things may be criticised, however there must be constructive criticism.”
  • “It isn’t (a) personal property being created there. There’s sure to be greenery round. The plan has already been permitted by authorities until you might be alleging malafide in that course of,” it added. “Will we begin asking the frequent man now the place will the residence of the Vice-President be?”
7. One other Cong chief, one other guide row
7. Another Cong leader, another book row
  • A brief excerpt from Congress MP and ‘Group of 23’ member Manish Tewari’s yet-to-be-released guide 10 Flash Factors; 20 Years — Nationwide Safety Conditions that Impacted India has put the get together in additional sizzling water. He claimed that the Indian authorities, then helmed by the Congress-led UPA, ought to have taken stricter motion in opposition to Pakistan after the 26/11 Mumbai terror assaults in 2008.
  • The excerpt: “For a state that has no compunctions in brutally slaughtering tons of of harmless individuals, restraint is just not an indication of power; it’s perceived as a logo of weak spot … 26/11 was one such time when it simply ought to have been achieved. It, subsequently, is my thought of opinion India ought to have actioned a kinetic response within the days following India’s 9/11.”
  • Opposition reacts: BJP spokesperson Gaurav Bhatia stated Tewari’s guide confirmed that the “Congress-led UPA authorities was insensitive, ineffective and was not even involved about nationwide safety”. The UPA authorities had put the nationwide safety at stake, he alleged.
  • Cong reacts: Adhir Chowdhury instructed information company ANI: “He [Manish Tewari] must be focussing extra on China that has captured a lot of our areas in Ladakh and constructed villages in Arunachal Pradesh. He’s regaining consciousness now. Why has he not talked about it at the moment”.
  • This after: Congress chief Salman Khurshid, courted controversy earlier this month for drawing comparisons between radical Islamic group ISIS and Hindutva, in his guide Dawn Over Ayodhya.
8. Kerala HC points discover to Centre on PM’s picture on vax certificates
8. Kerala HC issues notice to Centre on PM’s photo on vax certificate
  • The Kerala Excessive Court docket (HC) on Tuesday issued a notice to the Centre directing it to file its counter in a petition filed by a Proper to Info (RTI) activist difficult the inclusion of PM Narendra Modi’s {photograph} on the Covid-19 vaccination certificates.
  • The petitioner argued that since he had paid for his Covid-19 vaccination at a personal hospital, depiction of Modi’s picture on his vaccination certificates was a violation of his basic rights as he was being handled like a captive viewers, which, his counsel argued, was in opposition to his proper of free speech that prohibited compelled and obligatory listening. Furthermore, he argued, since Modi is the chief of a political get together, utilization of his {photograph} on vaccination certificates might have an effect on a person’s alternative of voting.
  • It might be recalled that earlier this yr, the Election Fee of India (ECI) had requested the Central authorities to remove Modi’s photograph from vaccination certificates issued within the 4 states and one union territory (UT) that went to polls — West Bengal, Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Puducherry. The ECI contended that utilization of Modi’s {photograph} on vaccination certificates issued in ballot sure states and UT was a violation of the Mannequin Code of Conduct (MCC) that got here into impact on February 26 — a day after the ECI introduced the dates for the meeting polls
9. Amazon, Apple hit with antitrust fines in Italy
9. Amazon, Apple hit with antitrust fines in Italy
  • Italy’s antitrust authorities have fined Apple and Amazon almost 200 million euros ($225 million) for anti-competitive practices in opposition to resellers of Apple and Beats branded merchandise.
  • The watchdog stated a 2018 settlement between the tech giants restricted entry to Italy’s Amazon market to chose resellers.
  • Apple was fined over $151 million; and Amazon, $77 million. The Italian Competitors Authority additionally ordered them to finish the restrictions and provides resellers entry in a “non-discriminatory method.”
  • Each Apple and Amazon stated they’d enchantment. Apple argued that teaming up with chosen resellers helps buyer security because it ensures merchandise are real.
Untitled - 2021-11-23T151815.988

Maha Vir Chakra. Colonel B Santosh Babu, 37 (in pic), who was killed through the conflict with Chinese language troopers in Ladakh’s Galwan Valley in 2020, was posthumously awarded the Maha Vir Chakra on Tuesday for extraordinary braveness and management, by President Ram Nath Kovind. The President additionally awarded Vir Chakra to 5 different Galwan braves who fought off numerically superior Chinese language troops on Jun. 15, 2020; 4 of them have been awarded the Vir Chakra posthumously.

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Written by: Rakesh Rai, Judhajit Basu, Sumil Sudhakaran, Tejeesh N.S. Behl
Analysis: Rajesh Sharma

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